Monday, April 16, 2012

Gat Emilio Jacinto: Dakilang Bayani ng Himagsikan at Digmaang Pilipino-Amerikano (1899-1914)


NGAYONG araw, 113 taon na ang nakakalipas, sa Mahayhay, Laguna, noong panahon ng Digmaang-Pilipino Amerikano (1899-1914), pumanaw ang isa sa pinaka-dakilang bayaning Pilipino/Tagalog/Taga-Ilog, si Emilio Jacinto y Dizon. Patnugot ng KALAYAAN, may akda ng KARTILYA, inihalal na KALIIHIM ng manghihimagsik na Pamahalaang Kataastaasang Kagalanggalangang Katipunan nang manga Anak nang Bayan (KKK), PUNONG HUKBO ng mga KATIPUNERO sa MAYNILA.

KAPATID sa Puso at Pakikibaka para sa Kalayaan at Bayan ni Supremo Andres BONIFACIO y de Castro.... namatay na ipinagpatuloy ang pakikiba laban sa Kastila at imperyalistang Amerikano matapos ipa-kidnap, litisin kuno, at ipaligpit ng kampo ni Hen. Emilio Aguinaldo si Generallissimo Bonifacio noong Mayo 10, 1897.



Sa larawan ay makikita na itinabi sa labi ni Jacinto ang kanyang baril. Hindi masyadong kita subali't isinama rin sa kanyang libing ang kanyang sipi ng Kartilya. Sinasabing nang namatay ang bayani ay hinubaran ito ng mga kaaway na Amerikano and the vile Bald Eagle forces supposedly even mutilated his body although a general allowed military honors for him. May kwento rin na mga natives (traydor?) na taga Laguna ang ang nagturo daw ng posisyon ni Aguinaldo. Sa account ng National Historical Commission of the Philippines ay malaria ang kanyang ikinamatay. May historyador ring nagsasabi na namatay siya mula sa tama ng bala o ng lagnat na sumunod dito.  


Mula sa nauna kong artikulo (excerpts) sa Blog by Taga-Ilog News:

He occupied several posts in the Katipunan. Jacinto was only a pre-law student (at the University of Santo Tomas) when he was elected as fiscal or No. 2 official in the Supreme Council of the Katipunan. He also served as the KKK's Secretary and a military leader. His last position was as Commanding General of the Northern District of Manila, accordingly appointed by Bonifacio on April 15, 1897.

Emilio Jacinto Seal as Punong Hukbo
of KKK forces in Manila, Morong,
Bulacan & Nueva Ecija (late 1896 - early 1897)
Jacinto is well known for the Katipunan ethics code, the Kartilya, and his editorship of the revolutionary newspapaper Kalayaan. His best politico-social treatise, however, he wrote some five months after the terrible anguish over the coup murder-by-execution of his brotherly friend, Bonifacio, who fell prey to the greed of the camp of then Capt. Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy. Jacinto elected to fight the colonial Spaniards separate from the forces of Aguinaldo who liquidated the Supremo and his brother on May 10, 1897. Jacinto remained loyal to Bonifacio and true to the cause of the Katipunan, turning down Aguinaldo's invitation for him to serve in the latter's new de facto revolutionary government.

Possibly nestled by the shade of some tree but under fire from the colonial enemy; hurting from the most unjust death of his Supremo friend who distinctly had the guts and wits to propel the Philippines into a nationalist revolution; and hands grimy from combat efforts, Tagalog (Filipino) patriot Jacinto wrote his masterpiece "A La Patria" (To My Fatherland) on October 8, 1897 in Sta. Cruz, Laguna 

http://blog-by-taga-ilog-news.blogspot.com/2010/10/emilio-jacintos-la-patria-bayang.html 


Mula sa Today in History:

1899 - Emilio Jacinto y Dizon, young Filipino patriot, revolutionary, and freedom-fighting leader dubbed the "Brains of the Revolution," dies from malaria and/or a gunshot wound in the mountains of Majayjay, Laguna during the bloody and protracted Philippine-American War (1899-1914)

- considered one of the greatest, noblest of Filipino heroes, Jacinto became a key revolutionary official during the first phase of the Revolution against Spain (1896-1898) when he became a confidante and trusted official of Supremo Andres Bonifacio y de Castro, leader of the underground-society-turned-revolutionary-government Kataastaasang Kagalanggalangang Katipunan nang manga Anak nang Bayan (KKK)

- Jacinto embraced with conviction and enthusiasm the Katipunan that sought the liberation of the Philippine archipelago from the yoke of Spanish rule when he was only a pre-law student, eventually occupying several posts including being Fiscal, KKK Secretary of State, and military leader

- when Generallissimo Bonifacio fell victim to the virtual coup of the fraudulent Tejeros Convention and eventual execution-cum-assassination perpetrated by the forces of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy, Jacinto gravely grieved, refused the offer to join the new government, while continuing to fight the Spaniards and, later, the imperialist Americans, separate from the forces of Aguinaldo

- an ethical and very intelligent and cunning militant leader who escaped arrest and death during several bloody encounters with the enemies in Laguna, Jacinto managed the Katipunan printing press, also supervised the gunpowder, and would be noted in history for his important editorship of the revolutionary organ Kalayaan, authorship of the ten-point ethical code/primer of the KKK, the Kartilya, and of A La Patria, A Mi Madre and "Liwanag at Dilim," a series of articles dealing with liberty, human rights, equality, patriotism, and labor

- Jacinto's death came exactly a day and two years after his last Katipunan government appointment--Commanding General of the Northern District of Manila--less than a month before Bonifacio was eliminated by the camp of Aguinaldo.

http://philippines-islands-lemuria.blogspot.com/2012/04/16-april.html 


Si Punong Hukbong Jacinto sa ating pera ng nakaraang siglo: 

Makikita sa larawan sa ibaba na si Jacinto, kasama si Bonifacio, ang mukha ng P20, English series, noong 1949 (P1 si Mabini; P2 si Rizal; P5 sina del Pilar at Jaena; at P10 sina Gomburza). Ang likod ay ang mga simbolo ng Katipunan, kabilang ang Kartilya sinulat ni Jacinto.



Nakakalungkot na wala na si Jacinto sa ating pera ngayon.... napalitan yata ng mga hindi dapat iluklok sa mukha ng ating piso na bills.... Sana ay hindi makalimutan ng kasalukuyan at darating pang henerasyon ang kadakilaan, ang moralidad, kagitingan at pagmamahal sa bayan ni Gat Emilio Jacinto. 

Nguni't paano mangyayari ito? Malabong mangyari ang ganitong muling pagtatanghal ng kabayanihan ni Jacinto at iba pa dahil mismong ang Ama ng Katipunan, ang kanyang matalik na kaibigan at kapatid sa pakikiba na si Bonifacio, ang unang Pangulong Manghihimagsik ng bayan, ay na.devalue* na rin sa pera ng mga Pilipino.Sa panahon ng mga Dilaw kung kailan nagumpisa o lumakas ang lalagay ng mga di masyadong kaaya-ayang personalidad sa ating pera. Kung si Supremo Bonifacio nga ay ibinaba mula P5 sa makabagong pera at inilagay na lamang sa P10 kasama si Gat Apolinario Mabini (na hindi naman tama dahil wala silang naging makasaysayang pagsasama). 

Maghintay na lamang siguro tayo ng grasya ng isang inaasam na maayos na panahon kung naniniwala tayong darating ang ganoon ng pawis at hirap sa ating bahagi...... Maari ring kumilos tayo at subukan na makamit ang tagumpay, ang ninanais na maayos, makatao, malakas na bayan tulad ng ginawa nina Jacinto, Bonifacio, at sampu ng mga tapat ng Katipunero.


*The Devaluation of a Hero & Promotion of a Counter-Hero: Where's Andres Bonifacio in the P5 Coin? (Bonifacio Series III)


_______


Mga Batis:

"Emilio D. Jacinto 134th Birth Anniversary." Mb.com.ph 14 Dec. 2009. http://www.mb.com.ph/articles/234067/emilio-d-jacinto-134th-birth-anniversary


Guerrego, Milagros; Encarnacion, Emmanuel; and Villegas, Ramon. Andres Bonifacio and the 1986 Revolution. 16 June 2003. http://www.ncca.gov.ph/about-culture-and-arts/articles-on-c-n-a/article.php?i=5&subcat=13

Chua, Michael Charleston. KASPIL 1. http://images.balanghay.multiply.multiplycontent.com/attachment/0/SMXvlQoKCEcAAEyb7ZE1/Xiaos%20Katipunan%20and%20Other%20Primary%20Documents.doc?nmid=114577752

Documents of the Katipunan: Andres Bonifacio Notice of appointment, April 15, 1897. http://kasaysayan-kkk.info/docs.ab.150497.htm


EMILIO D. JACINTO (1875-1899): Brains of the Katipunan. http://www.nhi.gov.ph/index.php?option=com_remository&Itemid=2&func=download&id=309&chk=98b6bbd13d950aadad1f7535c4006c18&no_html=1

Emilio Jacinto: Young General Martyr. http://www.funtrivia.com/en/subtopics/Emilio-Jacinto-Young-General-Martyr-139254.html

http://books.google.com/books?id=4wk8yqCEmJUC&pg=PA146&dq=tejeros+convention&hl=en&ei=zcSITbvCOcTZrQfRteHBDg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=7&ved=0CEcQ6AEwBg#v=onepage&q=tejeros%20convention&f=false


http://books.google.com.ph/books?id=SIq_FvJUr40C&pg=RA5-PT51&dq=emilio+jacinto+%22brains+of+the+katipunan%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=bRmMT_iWKM2YiAeY2MDvCQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=emilio%20jacinto%20%22brains%20of%20the%20katipunan%22&f=false

http://books.google.com.ph/books?id=Lb8a7P_2InIC&pg=RA6-PA27&dq=emilio+jacinto+%22brains+of+the+katipunan%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=bRmMT_iWKM2YiAeY2MDvCQ&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=emilio%20jacinto%20%22brains%20of%20the%20katipunan%22&f=false

http://books.google.com.ph/books?id=SIq_FvJUr40C&pg=RA5-PT51&dq=emilio+jacinto&hl=en&sa=X&ei=yRCMT_KjBrCuiQeP3N2qCw&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=emilio%20jacinto&f=false

http://books.google.com.ph/books?id=7UUuHLJYdlMC&pg=PA134&dq=emilio+jacinto&hl=en&sa=X&ei=yRCMT_KjBrCuiQeP3N2qCw&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=emilio%20jacinto&f=false

http://books.google.com.ph/books?id=SIq_FvJUr40C&pg=RA5-PT51&dq=emilio+jacinto&hl=en&sa=X&ei=yRCMT_KjBrCuiQeP3N2qCw&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=emilio%20jacinto&f=false




Photo credits:

 http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_lrkRlR0dn6s/TJoOHPKva4I/AAAAAAAABCE/NmlYtOLnMDA/s1600/26342_343233727634_47261762634_3653808_7980242_n.jpg


http://images03.olx.com.ph/ui/11/00/74/1295415909_158839674_1-Pictures-of--PHILIPPINES-20-PESOS-1949-Bonifacio-and-Jacinto.jpg

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